4. Working with Environments
Creating your own projects
So far we have added packages to the default project at
~/.julia/environments/v1.0. It is however easy to create other, independent, projects. It should be pointed out that when two projects use the same package at the same version, the content of this package is not duplicated. In order to create a new project, create a directory for it and then activate that directory to make it the "active project", which package operations manipulate:
shell> mkdir MyProject shell> cd MyProject /Users/kristoffer/MyProject (v1.0) pkg> activate . (MyProject) pkg> st Status `Project.toml`
Note that the REPL prompt changed when the new project is activated. Since this is a newly created project, the status command shows that it contains no packages, and in fact, it has no project or manifest file until we add a package to it:
shell> ls -l total 0 (MyProject) pkg> add Example Updating registry at `~/.julia/registries/General` Updating git-repo `https://github.com/JuliaRegistries/General.git` Resolving package versions... Updating `Project.toml` [7876af07] + Example v0.5.1 Updating `Manifest.toml` [7876af07] + Example v0.5.1 [8dfed614] + Test shell> ls -l total 8 -rw-r--r-- 1 stefan staff 207 Jul 3 16:35 Manifest.toml -rw-r--r-- 1 stefan staff 56 Jul 3 16:35 Project.toml shell> cat Project.toml [deps] Example = "7876af07-990d-54b4-ab0e-23690620f79a" shell> cat Manifest.toml [[Example]] deps = ["Test"] git-tree-sha1 = "8eb7b4d4ca487caade9ba3e85932e28ce6d6e1f8" uuid = "7876af07-990d-54b4-ab0e-23690620f79a" version = "0.5.1" [[Test]] uuid = "8dfed614-e22c-5e08-85e1-65c5234f0b40"
This new environment is completely separate from the one we used earlier.
Precompiling a project
The REPL command
precompile can be used to precompile all the dependencies in the project. You can for example do
(HelloWorld) pkg> update; precompile
to update the dependencies and then precompile them.
Using someone else's project
Simply clone their project using e.g.
cd to the project directory and call
(v1.0) pkg> activate . (SomeProject) pkg> instantiate
If the project contains a manifest, this will install the packages in the same state that is given by that manifest. Otherwise, it will resolve the latest versions of the dependencies compatible with the project.